From the Editor in Chief

SAN MATEO (03/13/2000) - If business is war, then in this age of the digital economy the application development department must be the equivalent of the munitions factory. The trouble is -- as is often the case in war -- most of the weapons on hand at the beginning of the conflict are tired relics that harken back to a bygone era.

Take a look at most of the entrepreneurial efforts that make up the digital economy, and you'll find that although the vast majority of them are start-up companies using the Internet, most of them are still just modernizing some sort of traditional business model, whether it's hawking books or selling steel.

And if you delve a little deeper into these efforts, you'll find that the companies in question tend to rely on applications written not for mainframes, but for either Microsoft Corp.'s Windows, Linux, or Sun Microsystems Inc.'s platforms.

That in itself is not a bad thing. After all, the primary goal for these companies has been to get to market as quickly as possible. For many of them, this meant that getting the application up and running was a lot more important than making sure it scaled to meet future business needs.

Today, many of the companies are more successful then they ever dreamed possible, but the cost of sustaining that success is starting to show as they struggle to find scarce developers to help them maintain and expand their operations.

Of course, the folks who have worked in application development for traditional businesses have always known about scalability issues. In fact, many of them tend to haughtily dismiss the efforts of the start-up companies as naive attempts to rewrite the fundamental laws of physics and application development.

After all, the reason these companies continue to base their businesses on legacy applications is because they are convinced that mainframes are the only platform capable of efficiently running large-scale applications.

And from their perspective, it's only a matter of time and effort before they Web-enable these existing systems to crush upstart rivals that are relying on immature platforms.

Alas, as is often the case in the early stages of any major conflict, both sides are laboring under some serious delusions. For starters, most of the legacy systems that traditional businesses rely on are so old that any attempt to Web-enable them becomes an extremely complex undertaking. Just cleaning up all the data alone can take years.

It's no wonder that many traditional businesses have elected to spin off new units that are chartered with reinventing the company. This avoids the ordeal of hauling the rest of the company into the new century. The simple fact is that if companies have to wait for their existing applications to become truly Web-enabled, the market will simply pass them by.

The only real asset these companies have is experience, especially when you consider that most of the start-up companies seem to think that scalability is something you can bolt on to your application after the fact. In truth, many of those start-up companies are now waking up to the fact that they need to rewrite their applications while the business simultaneously grows at 100 percent every three months, which is now widely considered to be the actual length of a single Web year.

Just as many traditional companies are trying to bring 20-year-old legacy applications to the Web, many of the start-up companies are trying to upgrade 2-or 3-year-old legacy applications to the next generation of Internet infrastructure.

Who will win? Well, history tells us that every civilization that gained a technological edge over its rivals carried the field. In the new economy, that means that if you don't know what an object-oriented application development framework is by now, you are about to be outflanked by your enemies.

So just remember, it's rarely the biggest or the fastest that wins the day; it's almost always the smartest.

Got a different point of view? Write to me at

Michael Vizard is editor in chief of InfoWorld.

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