Managing clouds can be a challenge given that virtual machines and storage are running in two different environments simultaneously. A crowded industry of cloud management platforms (CMP) has emerged to help.
Gartner Research Director Mindy Cancila says the CMP market is young and maturing; customers should understand the limitations of various options.
Here are four tips from Cancila for organizations considering cloud management products.
IaaS needs its own tools
Many organizations began their cloud journey by using SaaS tools like Office 365, Salesforce or some other business planning software. These SaaS platforms may require some new skills, but customers don’t usually need to purchase a whole new management platform to use them. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is different. Consuming cloud-based virtual machines, storage, databases and other services is such a complex issue that Cancila says users can benefit greatly from using a dedicated management platform for IaaS, especially if they’re managing a hybrid cloud computing environment.
Two basic options
The CMP market can be broken down into two major categories: Cloud providers’ native tools and third-party CMPs, Cancila says.
All the public IaaS cloud vendors - Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, IBM SoftLayer, etc. - have their own native tools for managing their products. Some are more advanced than others. Amazon has tools like CloudTrail, which creates detailed logs of every API call that is made within a user’s account. Tools like Inspector will scan environments against pre-determined design patterns to look for non-compliant resources in use. Other vendors have a simple dashboard for viewing cloud services.
The other option is for users to buy a CMP, also referred to as a Cloud Brokerage Service (CSB). Companies such as RightScale allow users to manage their AWS and Azure resources from a single management console. Microsoft’s Operations Management Suite, VMware’s vRealize and IBM’s CloudMatrix are other products in this category. These third-party CMPs are not tied specifically to one IaaS platform. Cancila says this has tradeoffs: Providers’ native tools offer deep functionality specific to that platform; third-party CMPs provide flexibility in managing multiple environments, but do not specialize in a particular one. Organizations that use a single vendor for public cloud could likely benefit from using that provider’s native tools; customers managing a multi-cloud strategy may enjoy a third-party CMP.
What to look for in cloud management software
Cloud management has turned into a broad market. Many CMPs started out by specializing in a certain segment of this market, and then adding functionality. Cancila says there are four major areas of focus for cloud management software:
-Cloud management and brokerage of services: Software spins up and down resources, sometimes automatically and across multiple providers. Examples include RightScale and CloudMatrix.
-Expense Management: Helps customers analyze how much they’re spending on cloud services and compare it to historical averages. Can also identify unused instances that could be shut down to save money and can help to right-size virtual machine image types to not overpay for services. Examples include Cloudyn and Cloud Cruiser.
-Operational Monitoring: Questions these monitoring tools help answer include: How many resources do you have running and how does that compare to last month or last year? How many users are accessing the cloud environment and what are they doing? Which cloud services are being used? Examples include New Relic and Splunk.
-Governance: Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASB) are in this category as they dictate which users can use which cloud-based resources. Some of these can also index data and associate tags with them to ensure policies related to data management are followed. Examples include SkyHigh Networks and BitGlass.
Cloud management market is immature
We’re still in the early days for cloud management software, Cancila says. Many vendors have focused thus far on a specific niche (expense management or governance, or are native to a specific provider, for example). “None of the tools do all four of those things across all providers,” she says. “A lot of organizations are using native provider services; living with feature gaps of a CMP, or building some custom processes to mitigate the risks against the gaps.” If an organization has the ability, building your own custom tools is another option.
In recent years vendors have begun to expand the functionality of their offerings to add more features; Cancila says this will continue. Meanwhile, there’s been robust merger and acquisition activity in this market. Examples include IBM buying Gravitant, CSC purchasing ServiceMesh and Cisco buying Cliqr; M&A activity could continue as well. In the meantime, customers should consider what features are most important to them based on their use case and choose a vendor that best fits that need.