The networking and computing world, as well as the worlds of science and inventions, lost well-known pioneers as well as younger movers and shakers during 2015. Here’s a brief look back at these people and their contributions (see Slideshow version here).
LOOK BACK: 2014’s notable deaths
Ralph Ungermann: Co-founder of Zilog, Ungermann-Bass (Died June 2, age 73)
Ungermann was a pioneer in both the PC industry via his 1974 co-founding of microprocessor maker Zilog and of the data communications industry via his 1978 launch of Ungermann-Bass, which Tandem Computers, and later Newbridge Networks, acquired. A serial entrepreneur, the Berkeley College-educated Ungermann also formed an ATM switching and multimedia networking company called First Virtual in 1994, before moving into the world of venture capital by co-founding a firm in Shanghai. In his obituary, Ungermann is quoted as having once said: " I like to pioneer things, create a space that does not exist. If you can imagine it, you can create it. It is much more fun and challenging to create an industry, than to follow someone else.”
Gene Amdahl: Mainframe architect (Died Nov. 10, age 92)
Worked on many IBM computers during two stints with Big Blue, but best known as chief architect of IBM System/360 mainframe and for later starting his own mainframe company that bore his name. Amdahl Corp., made faster and cheaper machines that were plug-compatible with IBM systems. Another claim to fame: Amdahl’s Law, which which says no matter how many processor cores you throw at a problem, there are some things you just can’t speed up. Full story.
Don Featherstone: Designer of Pink Plastic Lawn Flamingos (Died June 22, age 79)
This Massachusetts artist created his signature bird back in 1957 while working for a products company that he eventually rose to lead. He produced hundreds of designs, including other plastic birds such as ducks, swans and ostriches, but it was the flamingos that took on a life of their own as lawn ornaments, and later inspiring everything from fundraisers to a Disney character. He once told the Chicago Tribune: “We sold people tropical elegance in a box for less than $10. Before that, only the wealthy could afford to have bad taste.”
Joseph Engelberger: Developed first industrial robot in United States (Died Dec. 1, age 90)
Working with patent holder George Devol in the 1950s, 1960s, Engelberger built the Unimate, a robotic arm used on a General Motors assembly line. Together, they started the world’s first robot manufacturer, Unimation. Engelberger’s robotics expertise earned him gigs with NASA, Japanese scientists and with a company building robots for use in hospitals, according to a New York Times obituary.
Gary Dahl: Inventor of the Pet Rock (Died March 23, age 78)
Friends fussing about their live pets led this copywriter and entrepreneur to suggest a rock would be a perfect pet, and thus the fad of all fads was born in 1975. The $3.95 rocks, complete with punny care and feeding manuals, sold wildly for a year or so and made Dahl a millionaire. Later efforts, such as the Original Sand Breeding Kits and Red China Dirt failed to catch on. He did, however, author “Advertising for Dummies.”
Dave Goldberg: CEO of Survey Monkey (Died May 1, age 47)
Goldberg was a well-known Silicon Valley entrepreneur who started online music site Launch Media, served as an entrepreneur-in-residence at Benchmark Capital and was head of Survey Monkey, an online survey/polling company. He was married to Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook.
Satoru Iwata: President of Nintendo (Died July 11, age 55)
The Japanese game programmer and businessman oversaw the company during its highs and lows as the gaming industry shifted from dedicated consoles and PCs to mobile devices. During his early programming days at HAL Laboratory, he worked on games such as EarthBound and Kirby, and during his tenure at Nintendo the company released products such as the Wii and Nintendo DS.
Joseph Lechleider: a Father of ADSL technology (Died April 18, age 82)
As the National Inventors Hall of Fame states, “Lechleider’s work turned the existing copper wire phone network into a high-speed broadband delivery instrument, allowing for the transmission of data at equal rates in both directions.” The electrical engineer’s work at Bellcore in the 1980s also moved beyond basic DSL to asynchronous DSL that avoided interference and supported carrier initiatives to transmit video across copper to try to compete with cable TV companies.
Leonard Nimoy: Mr. Spock (Died Feb. 27, age 83)
The American actor portrayed the inimitable Mr. Spock, he of the pointy ears and
Vulcan powers, from the 1964 start of the Star Trek TV Series to a 2013 film. Nimoy, also an accomplished singer, photographer and author, had an asteroid named after him in 2015.
Joseph Traub: Computer scientist (Died Aug. 24, age 82)
This pioneering computer scientist “was most known for his work on optimal algorithms and computational complexity applied to continuous scientific problems,” according to Columbia University, where he founded the CS Department following a period during which he led Carnegie Mellon’s CS Department. Traub’s early work in computer science took place before such a field was really even defined. His algorithms were used to solve problems in fields ranging from physics and math to Wall Street financials.
George Barris: Designer of the Batmobile (Died Nov. 5, age 89)
Legendary car “kustomizer” whose vehicles starred in many TV shows during the 1960s, including the Batmobile, the Munster Koach and The Beverly Hillbillies truck. Barris was even buried in a coffin modeled after the Batmobile.
Kathryn Gould: Tech industry venture capitalist (Died Nov. 26, age unknown)
One of the first female venture capitalists, Gould left a mark on the tech industry through investments in early stage companies. Foundation Capital, which she co-founded in 1995, has backed enterprise ventures such as MobileIron and ShoreTel, as well as big-time IPOs like Netflix. Trained as a physicist, she got her big start in tech as an early Oracle employee and Larry Ellison’s VP of marketing.
Joshua Greenberg: Co-founder of Grooveshark music sharing service (Died July 19, age 28)
This young man helped to shake up the music world by starting up Grooveshark in 2006 with two University of Florida classmates at a time when such services were brand new. Grooveshark eventually attracted upwards of 35 million users, but the service shut down this past April with the co-founders acknowledging they made serious mistakes in not licensing much of the music uploaded to its site by users.
Charles Hard Townes: Laser co-creator (Died Jan. 27, age 99)
Won a share of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics “"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle." Laser technology played a major role across disciplines including telecom, medicine and entertainment. Townes, who has been a professor emeritus in physics at UC Berkeley, built on that pioneering work on the laser to later extend the technology’s use for astronomy.
Tony Verna: Inventor of instant replay for live sports (Died Jan. 18, age 81)
This television director and producer is credited with coming up with instant replay, initially for the annual Army-Navy football game played in 1963. His system used audio tones to identify when replay-worthy action took place. According to a New York Times obituary for Verna, the game’s play-by-play announcer warned viewers: “This is not live! Ladies and gentlemen, Army did not score again!” Verna wasn’t one to rest on his laurels either: He also holds patents for smartphone technology.
Steve Bristow: Early video game designer (Died Feb. 22, age 65)
An electrical engineering whiz from UC Berkeley and the University of Santa Clara, Bristow started his career as a co-founder of Atari, and worked on early microsoprocessor-based systems such as the Atari 2600 in the late 1970s. His games to fame during his career included early coin-operated games and games such as Tank and Indy 800. Beyond gaming, he was involved in numerous Silicon Valley tech startups and has his name on close to 20 patents. This gem from Bristow is found in an old Wired article: “I worked part-time doing maintenance on the Pong machines and collecting the money. In Berkeley, a weapons permit is hard to get, but they won't stop you from carrying a hatchet, so people out at 2 am would see my wife walking ahead of me carrying a hatchet and me carrying $1,500 in quarters, and they'd say, ‘Leave them alone.’”
Donald Shell: Computer scientist (Died Nov. 2, age 91)
Fresh from earning his Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Cincinnati in 1959, Shell published the Shell sorting algorithm, which puts elements of a list in a specific order, such as numerical. Later in his career, while working at General Electric’s new Information Services Department, his organization was among the first to adopt client-server computing.
Ralph Roberts: Co-founder and CEO of Comcast (Died June 18, age 95)
Built the biggest cable TV company in the United States, starting with the humble 1963 acquisition of a small cable company in Tupelo, Miss., then from many more buyouts after that. Comcast grew into a multibillion dollar business, going well beyond TV offerings to deliver telecom and Internet services.
Michael Hammond: Co-founder of Gateway Computer (Died Oct. 29, age 53)
A former mechanic with an engineering mind, Hammond teamed up with marketing-and-sales oriented Ted Waitt to start up Iowa-based Gateway, which would become a PC giant in the 1990s. The business, which launched on a farm and shipped its PCs in spotted boxes marked like Holstein cows, was acquired by Acer in 2007 and is now based in California. The company over the years sold not just PCs, but servers, storage systems and TVs, too. Those attending Hammond’s funeral were encouraged to wear Iowa Hawkeye and Chicago Bears garb in honor of the big sports fan.