Cybercriminals are exploiting newly patched vulnerabilities faster, a sign that users and companies need to improve their software updating habits.
The flaw, which is tracked as CVE-2015-0336, was fixed by Adobe on March 12. It affects all Flash Player versions older than 220.127.116.11 on Windows and Mac, 18.104.22.1681 on Linux and 22.214.171.1247 ESR (extended support release).
The latest attacks are launched from hacked websites and attempt to install a Trojan program. The cybercriminal group behind the attacks is known as EITest and has distributed an online banking Trojan called Tinba in the past, according to researchers from Malwarebytes.
Exploit kits like Nuclear are attack platforms that incorporate exploits for multiple vulnerabilities in browsers and browser plug-ins like Flash Player, Adobe Reader, Java or Silverlight. They're rented out to multiple cybercriminal groups who then use them in mass attacks.
Earlier this year, two other exploits kits, called Angler and Hanjuan, exploited vulnerabilities in Flash Player that hadn't even been patched by Adobe at the time -- these are known as zero-day vulnerabilities. However, such incidents are rare.
For one, zero-day flaws are valuable commodities on the black market and are generally used in targeted attacks that are meant to fly under the radar for longer periods of time. It doesn't make sense, financially, to incorporate an expensive zero-day exploit into a mass attack tool, because it will be detected and rendered useless fairly quickly.
With few exceptions, exploit kits have historically targeted known and patched vulnerabilities, aiming to infect users who don't frequently update their software. In fact, most of the current exploit kits still incorporate exploits from as far back as 2010, just because they continue to be reliable and have a decent success rate.
However, the short one-week period it took attackers to develop a reliable exploit for CVE-2015-0336 and integrate it into Nuclear EK, could signal a dangerous trend.
Adobe has made significant efforts to keep the Flash Player installed base up to date by having the plug-in automatically updated under Google Chrome and Internet Explorer on Windows 8.x and by offering an automatic update option inside the program. Despite these actions, many users, especially companies, are still falling behind on updates.
In business environments software patches need to be tested first to ensure they don't break established workflows, so automatic updates are typically disabled. IT departments generally deploy updates according to predetermined schedules that are often more than one week apart.
"Such systems should ideally be sandboxed from the rest of the network or be running anti-exploit software designed to block known and unknown exploits," security researchers from Malwarebytes said.