Microsoft claims said both Internet Explorer 10 and its predecessor, IE9, have been under attack by hackers exploiting an unpatched flaw in the browsers.
The extension of the vulnerability to IE9 followed confirmation earlier yesterday that active attacks are compromising the newer IE10 and hijacking PCs running the browser.
"Microsoft is aware of limited, targeted attacks against Internet Explorer 9 and 10. As our investigation continues, we recommend customers upgrade to Internet Explorer 11 for added protection," a Microsoft spokesperson said via email.
With both IE9 and IE10 vulnerable and under attack, it means that about a third of all those using Internet Explorer are at risk.
According to Web analytics vendor Net Applications, IE9 accounted for 15.3% of the total IE user share last month; IE10's share was 15.9%. Together, the two editions represented 31.2% of Internet Explorer's January user share.
Milpitas, Calif.-based FireEye was the first to spot the attacks, and said that they had been aimed at IE10 as part of a campaign targeting current and former U.S. military personnel when they visited the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) website.
While FireEye said it identified the "zero-day" vulnerability -- a term to indicate that the flaw is currently unpatched -- on Feb. 11, yesterday San Diego security company Websense said it had found evidence that the exploit may have been used as early as Jan. 20, or more than three weeks ago.
Websense also speculated that those earlier attacks had been aimed at visitors to a French aerospace association's website. Members of the organization, GIFAS (Groupement des Industries Francaises Aeronautiques et Spatiales), include defense and space contractors and subcontractors.
GIFAS is best known to the general public as the sponsor, through a subsidiary, of the Paris Air Show, an annual extravaganza where aircraft makers, both commercial and military, strut their newest wares.
Microsoft's advice to customers that they upgrade to IE11 was not possible for those still running Windows Vista. That 2007 operating system cannot run either IE10 or IE11. Most Vista users are likely running IE9, since Microsoft automatically upgraded their copies of from IE7 or IE8 to the then-new IE9 in the first half of 2012.
The only silver lining is that few Windows users run Vista: Last month, the oft-disparaged OS represented just 3.6 per cent of all editions of Windows.
Microsoft has not said if it will issue an "out-of-band" security update -- a rush fix shipped before the next regularly-scheduled Patch Tuesday of March 11 -- or yet issued a formal security advisory. It will certainly do the latter, and at that time may, as it often does, provide a work-around to protect IE9 and IE10 users.
Gregg Keizer covers Microsoft, security issues, Apple, Web browsers and general technology breaking news for Computerworld. Follow Gregg on Twitter at @gkeizer, or subscribe to Gregg's RSS feed . His email address is firstname.lastname@example.org..
Read more about security in Computerworld's Security Topic Center.