Compaq Computer Corp. has become the second major computer vendor to back out of a deal to resell Unisys Corp.'s high-end ES7000 server for Windows 2000 Datacenter Server users, a move that strikes a potential US$400 million blow at the already struggling Unisys.
Compaq began shipping the 32-processor Unisys systems earlier this year as part of its Proliant ML770 server line. But Blue Bell, Pennsylvania-based Unisys today confirmed that Compaq has canceled the agreement between the two companies and is stopping its marketing of the ES7000.
The change of plans by Compaq follows a similar action by Hewlett-Packard Co., which had also signed up to resell the ES7000 machines. HP "suspended" its contract to market the Intel Corp.-based servers about a month ago, said Peter Samson, vice president and general manager of technological sales development at Unisys.
The ES7000 is the only system currently available that can take full advantage of the 32-processor scalability built into the Windows 2000 Datacenter operating system released by Microsoft Corp. in September. In addition to HP and Compaq, Dell Computer Corp. and Fujitsu Ltd.'s U.K.-based ICL subsidiary have signed on as resellers.
Unisys attributed the defections by HP and Compaq to the tough economic conditions that are plaguing many technology vendors. Like Unisys itself, both HP and Compaq have been cutting back due to lower-than-expected sales. Unisys spokesman Marty Krempasky also said HP and Compaq plan to pursue development of their own 32-way servers.
A spokesman for Dell said it still intends to bring the ES7000 to market later this year. Dell announced its plans for reselling the Unisys systems last December, saying the ES7000 would be aimed at use in applications requiring heavy amounts of computing horsepower.
Unisys wouldn't comment on the financial implications of the loss of Compaq as a reseller, but the company previously said the deal was expected to be worth about $400 million over a two-year period. That's a significant hit for Unisys, which last month reported a 35 percent drop in first-quarter profits on a year-to-year basis (see story).
Compaq spokesman Tim Golden said the company has decided to focus marketing efforts on its own eight-processor Proliant 8500 server line for now. About 95 percent of Compaq's high-end server sales involve the eight-way boxes, Golden said. That statistic, combined with the softening of the economy, caused Compaq to re-evaluate its options, he added.
Samson said Compaq's withdrawal "obviously is a disappointment" to Unisys executives. But Unisys still believes that there's a market for high-end Windows 2000 Datacenter servers, according to Samson. "It's a wrong decision for Compaq to delay making this [class of system] available to its clients," he said.
Gary Erickson, HP's product marketing manager for platform development, said there were two reasons behind its decision to drop the ES7000. A planned release of faster processors by Unisys was delayed, Erickson said. And, he added, technology being developed internally at HP based on Intel's 64-bit Itanium microprocessor "showed promise much sooner than we expected." The Itanium-based systems are targeted for release next year.
Unisys plans to add more than 200 new sales and technical support workers focused on the ES7000 to counter the losses of Compaq and HP. But despite the relatively rosy picture painted by Unisys, today's announcement wasn't a positive one for the company, said Greg Gieber, an analyst at A.G. Edwards & Sons Inc. in St. Louis.
HP's decision to stop marketing the ES7000 wasn't a big surprise, Gieber said, "but the Compaq loss is more significant." He added, though, that the move says more about Compaq's own financial position than it does about the quality of the Unisys servers. "It's an indication of the times," Gieber said.