Eleksen Group Sideshow Wearable Display Module
It started as an idea for making more life-like puppets for the British TV show Spitting Image. Four years later, Eleksen Group is hoping that its interactive textile technology will form the foundation for a new generation of wash-and-wear computer control and display devices.
The centerpiece of the technology is ElekTex, a fabric-based, pressure- sensitive control interface that can be integrated into jackets, bags and other textile products. The technology is already used as a remote control for iPods and cell phones in backpacks and coats. At this year's Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Eleksen presented its latest design concept, which integrates ElekTex fabric controls with an LCD display that can interact with Windows Vista's Sideshow feature. The latter exports information from a Vista laptop to a secondary display. Mini-applications, or "gadgets," written for Sideshow can then wirelessly deliver e-mail, alerts or other updates to the remote screen even if the laptop remains in its case and turned off. Fabric-based controls and embedded control electronics interact with the display. Iver Heath, England-based Eleksen is also planning support for secondary displays on the Macintosh.
Initial implementations of ElekTex will likely be integrated into laptop bags with embedded button controls and small color LCD displays, says John Collins, vice president of marketing and business development at Eleksen. However, Collins envisions an eventual move to flexible displays based on color organic LED technology. That would allow the control and display surfaces to be embedded on any fabric surface, including a shirt. "Imagine receiving critical information from enterprise information systems on your sleeve," says Vassilis Seferidis, vice president of product management.
ElekTex fabrics are constructed from woven layers of nylon and carbon-impregnated nylon that's not only bendable, but also washable. Because of the nature of the material, it can be sewed, glued or even heat-welded into other fabrics. Mark Treger, national sales manager at Goodhope Bags Inc. in Chino, California, has embedded ElekTex sensors into backpacks to control iPods. "You can just sew through it. It just works," he says. The one limitation is cost. Collins estimates that a laptop bag with the technology would cost about US$200. But Treger says the cost of the ElekTex technology has already dropped by 50% in the past year. He sells a fabric keyboard for use with the BlackBerry that sold for US$169 last year. Today, it's priced at under US$130, and by the holiday season, he says, retailers will be selling them for about US$80.
The technology and the manufacturing process took years to perfect, says Collins - and that gives the company a leg up on any competition. "Their strength is understanding how to do the wiring and connections and create control surfaces with the right amount of tactile feedback," says Leslie Fiering, an analyst at Gartner.
"The knitted, woven materials allow us to get x, y and z coordinates," says Collins. Currently, Eleksen is producing button and scroll controls. Next, it plans to support gestures across the control surface, simulating a mouse or fabric-based touch pad. "It's a matrix arrangement, similar to what you'd find on touch-screen displays," Collins says.
Seferidis expects viable bendable displays to be available in about two years. But he is working with vendors to make displays do more than just bend. "Our work will be to make them washable," he says.
The Sideshow capability is "pretty cool," says Fiering, but even more interesting will be what designers can dream up if the technology catches on. The most fascinating applications, she says, haven't even been thought of yet.