The California legislature this month is expected to vote on several bills that would regulate the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology in government documents. Similar legislation was approved by the body last year only to be vetoed by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger in October.
Schwarzenegger rejected the Identity Information Protection Act of 2006 because he felt that it could be overly restrictive to state agencies.
The 2006 bill's sponsor, State Sen. Joe Simitian, re-submitted the legislation in five separate bills submitted late last year and early this year. Currently, the bills are working their way through various legislative committees.
Two of the bills will impose a three-year moratorium on the use of the technology in California driver's licenses and in public school ID cards while a third will create interim privacy safeguards for any existing RFID enabled government IDs, such as those used by students in the state college system. A fourth bill would make it a crime to "skim" - or surreptitiously -- data from an RFID document, and the final bill would prohibit forced RFID chip implants in people
The latter bill, similar to legislation passed passed last year in Wisconsin, was filed to address fears that companies might try to force their employees to undergo an RFID implantation, noted Simitian.
Simitian said he hopes the legislation has better success this time around. The bill "got all the way to the governor's desk and there was a last minute setback there. But we're building on a foundation. What we achieved last year was a substantial accomplishment. That's a good place to start," said Simitian.
A Schwarzenegger spokeswoman this week said the governor had yet to take a position on any of the new RFID bills.
Even if Schwarzenegger signs the bills, California residents would still need more protection. Katherine Albrecht, a consumer rights advocate, noted that RFID tracking technology could prove temptinf for abuse by state government officials. "Government officials would love the ability to secretly identify political opponents, protesters at peace rallies, or anyone else engaged in peaceable first-amendment-protected activities," she said. RFID enabled documents could be a means for such practices, she said.
Michael Shamos, a professor who specializes in security issues at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, said that the legislation doesn't deal comprehensively with RFID privacy issues beyond the government sector, said. However, he said, "It's a good statute."