Teardown: Galaxy S5 parts cost 21% more than iPhone 5S

IHS says Samsung's new phone costs $251 for materials, $51 more than the retail cost of a carrier-subsidized unit

The Samsung Galaxy S5, which went on sale Friday, comes with an "astronomical" cost for materials of $251.52 for the 32 GB version, according to a teardown estimate by IHS Technology.

The S5's materials cost is 21% higher than the $207 cost for the 32 GB iPhone 5S, based on IHS's pricing last September. It also costs Samsung $51 more for the parts used in an S5 than what it costs for a U.S. consumer to buy one under a contract.

The Samsung Galaxy S5

The price for the S5 is $200 with a two-year contract at most U.S. wireless carriers, although Verizon Wireless has been offering a buy one, get one free plan for $200 after rebate with a two-year plan, or $600 with no contract.

In related news, a Samsung executive on Wednesday told the Reuters news service he expects S5 sales to "be much better" than the Galaxy S4 based on sales in initial days. The S4 sold 10 million units in the first month in spring 2013.

IHS, in describing the high materials cost for the S5, also indicated how low the prices for other Android phones can go. Two low-cost Android phones, the ZTE U793 and the K-Touch T619+, each cost less than $35 for materials, IHS said.

S5's high materials cost is becoming more typical of the Galaxy smartphone line. Materials costs for four other Galaxy devices range from $237 to $280, according to Andrew Rassweiler, senior director of cost benchmarking services for IHS.

Rassweiler called the S5, overall, a "conservative evolutionary design" with many similarities to previous Samsung smartphones, but also many small changes.

One major change in the S5 is the inclusion of 802.11ac Wi-Fi, with multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) antennas to improve Wi-Fi signal strength.

A major factor in the overall cost is the use of a core processor from Qualcomm that uses the newer Snapdragon 801 design, with a speed of 2.5 GHz, up from 2.3 GHz used in the Snapdragon 800 seen in the Nokia Lumia 1520, the Galaxy Round and Google's LG-made device the Nexus 5.

The new processor takes up $41 of the S5's $251 total cost, a higher-than-expected figure because it combines two previously separate chips -- the core applications processor and the wireless semiconductor, IHS said. Apple's iPhones and other Samsung smartphones still use separate chips and Samsung apparently made the move to save internal circuit board space and to reduce overall manufacturing costs for installing two separate chips. IHS put the manufacturing cost for each device at $5.

IHS also said the S5 has more sensors inside than any smartphone the company has seen. Typical phones come with an accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer. The S5 includes those plus sensors for reading barometric pressure, fingerprint and pulse. The iPhone 5S also has a fingerprint sensor, although neither phones' fingerprint sensors have won accolades from reviewers for consistent fingerprint readings.

The S5 also differs in some minor ways from previous Galaxy products. The S5 has a different Qualcomm radio transceiver, a newer version of a near-field communication controller by NXP and an updated noise suppression device from Audience Semiconductor. A single power management chip from Qualcomm replaces two or more integrated chips that were separate.

IHS didn't detail costs for every component in the S5, although it pegged the cost for the phone's integrated circuit at $102.37, which includes the $41 Qualcomm processor as well as Samsung's own manufactured DRAM and NAND flash components. The 1920 x 1080 display costs $63, the 16-megapixel and 2-megapixel cameras cost $18.70, and the two 2800 mAh batteries are $11, IHS said.

This article, Teardown: Galaxy S5 parts cost 21% more than iPhone 5S, was originally published at Computerworld.com.

Matt Hamblen covers mobile and wireless, smartphones and other handhelds, and wireless networking for Computerworld. Follow Matt on Twitter at @matthamblen or subscribe to Matt's RSS feed. His email address is mhamblen@computerworld.com.

See more by Matt Hamblen on Computerworld.com.

Read more about smartphones in Computerworld's Smartphones Topic Center.

Tags Mobile/WirelessNetworkingAndroidsmartphoneswirelessIHSmobileVerizon WirelessgalaxyAppleconsumer electronicsReuters

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